One of the most serious problems in India is access to clean drinking water and sanitation which causes due to corruption, unclear laws, poor implementation and industrial and man-made waste.
Nearly 226 million people in the Country do not have access to safe drinking water. On the other hand, accessibility of contaminated water causes over one lakh people die annually from water-borne diseases. Every year 65 million suffer from flurosis and five million from arsenicosis.
If we compare water supply in rural and urban India, then half of water supply is contaminated with toxic bacteria and in most of the rural areas even people do not have this option to enjoy. They have to walk mile during brutal cold, summer and spring to collect water for their household use and they do not have idea the water that seems transparent is safe to consume or not.
In 16 districts of Bihar, there is high level of arsenic in ground water and Katihar is worst affected district among them. Even in Murshidabad, majority is also living with same condition. People affect with several health consequences such as dermatological, respiratory, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, neurological, Hematological, Renal, Mutagenesis, reproductive, cancer and mental health. This apart, there are social consequences of arsenicosis that causes social instability, marriage related problems, stigmatization, superstition and poverty among the people.
The major problems in Assam are the ethnic hatred and flood which result damage of mankind, property, field and so on. And, this force thousands to take shelter in relief camps. The condition of camps is unexplainable poor. More than 100 depend on one toilet for lavatory. There is one hand pump in relief camp and among all relief camps; some hand pumps are not even working.
Observing this vulnerable situation, Rehab India Foundation initiated Drinking Water Project in Assam, West Bengal and Bihar. Under this project, Rehab installed hand pumps in houses and villages so that people should not walk miles collecting water for daily usage. In Assam, Rehab started a model village for victims. Here, team installed bore wells so that villagers will get quality water in their village.